Rapidly and slowly progressing MPS VI

Rapidly progressing MPS VI

Some people with MPS VI show signs early and clearly. Babies with this rapidly progressing MPS VI may not grow well. Other symptoms or medical issues may quickly emerge, including:

  • Unusual facial features
  • A tongue too large for the mouth
  • Vision problems
  • Breathing problems
  • Disease of the heart valves
  • Stiff joints

With these obvious symptoms, patients with rapidly progressing MPS VI are often diagnosed early.


Symptoms may be recognized early in life for rapidly progressing MPS VI or later in adolescence for slowly progressing MPS VI. All patients with MPS VI eventually experience significant disability and may experience a shortened life span.

Slowly progressing MPS VI

Other people with MPS VI may have symptoms that are slower to develop. At first, some of their symptoms, like constant ear infections, may just seem like common childhood problems. On the other hand, a problem that is unusual in children, like stiff joints, may be seen as something that affects only the bones. For these “slowly progressing” patients, it can take the doctor a while to see that different symptoms, affecting many parts of the body, are all really due to MPS VI.

Whether rapidly or slowly progressing, MPS VI requires treatment

There is no hard line between rapidly and slowly progressing MPS VI. There are degrees in between. Symptoms can be very different from patient to patient. Even though the symptoms are not initially clear in people with slowly progressing MPS VI, GAG is still building up in their cells. It is still causing problems in their organs. Over time, people with slowly progressing MPS VI will notice more and more symptoms and the condition will progress. The symptoms of MPS VI need both symptom-based care and treatment with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). All MPS VI patients are candidates for ERT treatment with NAGLAZYME® (galsulfase). NAGLAZYME provides the enzyme the body needs to break down and get rid of GAG.

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Important Safety Information


NAGLAZYME® (galsulfase) is indicated for patients with Mucopolysaccharidosis VI (MPS VI; Maroteaux-Lamy Syndrome). NAGLAZYME has been shown to improve walking and stair-climbing capacity.

Important Safety Information

Severe and life-threatening allergic reactions can occur during NAGLAZYME (galsulfase) infusions and up to 24 hours after infusion. Typical signs of an allergic reaction include shock, difficulty breathing, wheezing, swelling of the throat, and low blood pressure. If a severe allergic reaction occurs during infusion, the infusion should be stopped immediately and you should receive medical attention. Contact your doctor or get medical help right away if you develop any severe symptoms after infusion.

In clinical trials, most patients developed antibodies to NAGLAZYME treatment. There was no clear relationship between antibody formation and the safety or effectiveness of NAGLAZYME.

Serious and severe infusion reactions are associated with NAGLAZYME, including hives, chest pain, rash, abdominal pain, difficulty breathing, swelling, fever, and eye irritation. You should receive medication such as antihistamines before NAGLAZYME infusions to reduce the risk of infusion reactions. If an infusion reaction occurs, the infusion should be slowed or stopped and you may be given additional medication.

The most common side effects of NAGLAZYME seen in clinical trials were rash, pain, hives, fever, itching, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and difficulty breathing. The most common side effects requiring medical attention are infusion-related effects.

These are not all of the possible side effects with NAGLAZYME. Talk to your doctor if you have any symptoms that bother you or that do not go away.

NAGLAZYME is a prescription medicine. Before treatment with NAGLAZYME, it is important to discuss your medical history with your doctor. Tell your doctor if you are taking any medication and if you are allergic to any medicines. Your doctor will decide if NAGLAZYME is right for you. If you have questions or would like more information about NAGLAZYME, contact your doctor.

Spinal cord damage may occur due to the natural MPS VI disease process. Signs of spinal cord injury include back pain, loss of bladder and bowel control, numbness, and paralysis. Contact your doctor immediately if you develop any of these symptoms.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to BioMarin Pharmaceutical Inc. at 1-866-906-6100, or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or go to www.fda.gov/medwatch.

For more information, call BioMarin RareConnections at 1-866-906-6100.

Please see full Prescribing Information.